Notícia

Empoderamento para as mulheres rurais. Sudão do Sul e Honduras

Potenciamento das mulheres rurais de Wua, no Sudão do Sul.

O Sudão do Sul é uma nação muito jovem, que não realizou ainda um ano de vida, (a sua independência definitiva do norte é de 9 de julho de 2011). É uma terra rica, de água e de petrólio, mas impedida de qualquer desenvolvimento por anos de guerra. Aí as fma têm dois centros, um em Tonj e o outro em Wau; este último é a boa prática que as fma levam à conferência do CSW.

Durante a segunda guerra sudanesa, em 1998, Wau tinha se tornado uma base militar das forças de Karthoum e isto obrigou milhares de pessoas a abandonarem as próprias casas e deixarem a cidade tomadas pelo medo. Também muitos campos foram destruídos nos combates e numerosas mulheres ficaram sem trabalho.

O IIMA, juntamente com a UNICEF e a WFP, ocupou-se da distribuição dos gêneros alimentícios para 25 mil pessoas, ajudando-as a voltar à normalidade.

Terminada a guerra, para sustentar as mulheres rurais, o IIMA iniciou um programa de reavaliação que incluía: visitas porta a porta, para motivar as mulheres; cursos para terem habilidade com muito alimento e uma pequena compensação em dinheiro. Pequenos empréstimos para iniciar atividades. Hoje pode-se dizer que esse empenho deu seus frutos; vale a pena lembrar que entre as mulheres que tomaram parte nos cursos, hoje há 18, em três povoados diferentes, que cultivam e vendem frutas e hortaliças; 6, que possuem um pequeno restaurante na cidade próxima, 16, que fazem trabalhos de bordado, 8 delas administram duas casas de chá e 35 cultivam, na estação própria, o trigo e muitíssimas outras estão empenhadas em múltiplos trabalhos.

Saúde. O projeto mais importante no campo sanitário em Wau foi a realização de um pequeno hospital. Quando chegaram as fma, em 1984, o único hospital ativo era aquele do governo, que funcionava "aos soluços" por causa da guerra e da falta de pessoal. Tuberculose, hanseníase e todo gênero de epidemias eram causa de morte. Além disso, os anos de guerra tinham deixado feridas também na psiche dos jovens e das mulheres.

Graças à ajuda das autoridades eclesiais, foi construído o hospital que hoje conta com numerosos serviços, entre os quais: pronto socorro, vacinação, prevenção sanitária através de testes de laboratório, programa sobre tbc, programas de nutrição e outros.

Graças ao hospital e aos serviços que oferece, de higiene e saúde, pode-se ensinar às crianças práticas higiênicas e o número de mortos por doença se reduziu, os neonatos são alimentados de maneira adequada.

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